He warns “the rich” to “weep and wail for the miseries that are coming to you” (James 5:1). So when Scripture speaks, God speaks. This picture of the Holy Spirit's yearning for the undivided love of His people, and grudgingly refusing to yield to a rival, is consistent with the statement in Galatians 5:17 concerning the Spirit's opposition to the lusts of the flesh. Or do you think - Parallels the introduction to Jas 4:4 "do you not know". God is either our first and greatest delight, or he is our enemy. Click chart to enlarge That means if we find our most satisfying relationships with others besides God, we make him our enemy. Log In/Sign Up English Standard Version (ESV) ... James 4:5.          2. The condition manifesting worldliness (James 4:1–6) Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying? (Gill's Expositional Notes), Hiebert goes on to add that "When the first part of Jas 4:5 is accepted as a separate question, by (his use of the phrase) the Scripture James is seen to refer to the teaching of the Scriptures as a whole, which supports the truth already declared in Jas 4:4, that man cannot love both God and the world at the same time. A rebuke of the ungodly rich. And, finally, the natural human spirit "lusteth to envy" (James 4:5). Ex 20:5; 34:14; Dt 32:16; Zech 8:2; 1Co 10:22), and hence He will not tolerate divided allegiance. Does the Spirit which has taken his abode in us desire enviously? Crossway Books, George Stulac - IVP NT Commentary - James 4:4-5 Don't You Know the Choice to Be Made, Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. It was used with the literal meaning (as in Mk 12:3 "they took him and beat him and sent him away empty handed"). 1989. 3. Katoikeo (2730) is the much more commonly used Greek verb (45x in 43 NT verses) meaning literally to reside and figuratively speaking of God dwelling in the heart (1Co 3:16), of demons dwelling humans (Mt 12:45), of God dwelling in the temple (Mt.              (2)      The significance of their attitude (James 4:4b) (Darby), Do you think what the scriptures have to say about this is a mere formality? The NIV has chosen to muddy the waters by conflating (bringing together, combining two readings of a text into a composite whole) two consecutive Greek terms, phthonon (“envy, jealousy”) and epipothei ("express strong desire for") (NIV = "the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely"). St. James seems to refer to many, not to one particular passage of Scripture. This section is a series of rapid-fire exhortations to godliness, and, except for promises accompanying a few of the exhortations, James gives us no commentary on any of them. Ambition & Your Work. Genesis 4:5,6 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. 5-Day Commentary Challenge - James 4. I think the best is the NASB translation: "God jealously longs for the spirit that He made to live in us." NRSV: Or do you suppose that it is for nothing that the scripture says, "God yearns jealously for the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? Do they not come from your desires for pleasure a that war in your members?            b. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The verses that immediately precede this passage speak a prophetic warning to those who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit” (4:13-17)––and to the rich (5:1-6). Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten. Bible Verses, Quotes, Christian Answers, Songs and More. This spirit could be either the created human spirit or the Holy Spirit given to Christians, though the former seems more likely because it is consistent with James's only other reference to "spirit" in Jas 2:26-note. The adulterous character of worldliness (James 4:4) 1981. Zondervan Publishing, Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary.          2. In view of the rebuke to worldliness that James is administering to his Christian readers, the last view seems most probable. James 5:2 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten. When at last he came to pride, he touched the first and fundamental sin. (James 1:22). (Ed: In other words, the NET Bible translators and most other scholars favor the conclusion that James used the rare verb katoikizo rather than the more common verb katoikeo which is favored by the Greek Textus Receptus [KJV]. This passage strongly deals with this sinful motivation. Or do you imagine that this spirit of passionate jealousy is the Spirit he has caused to live in us? Commentary on James 4:1-10 (Read James 4:1-10) Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The verses that immediately precede this passage speak a prophetic warning to those who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit” (4:13-17)––and to the rich (5:1-6). Understanding The Book Of James. - Dennis J. James wrote to help them. Taken together, James 4:5-6, Proverbs 23:6-7, and Romans 12:3 indicate that what a person thinks of himself is clearly important to God.We all have an image of ourselves that we carry about in our heart. In other words, God is jealous to be the object of our spirits greatest delight. James 4:5 REV and Commentary - Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, the spirit that he caused to live in us y - Bible verse 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. James 1-5 Listen . 3. Probably the former and epipothei then means to yearn after in the good sense as in Phil. Some interpreters believe the verse speaks of human jealousy (“The spirit that he has made to live in us envies intensely”). Then Jas 4:6-note would follow as a reminder of God's grace to the humble, which protects us from being overwhelmed by God's jealousy. To think of the Holy Spirit as dwelling in human beings is a concept well known in the Bible (Ro 8.11; 1Co3.16). James, according to many scholars, may be one of the earliest letters to Believers in the New Testament.            b. ESV: Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us”? The fire and screw are light in comparison with our anguish then; but, this is what the Spirit of God suffers when we share between Him and the world that love which should be all His own. (Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary. Darby: Think ye that the scripture speaks in vain? To conclude, therefore, that the subject of epipothei is the human spirit is fraught with much difficulty. 23:21), of Satan dwelling where Antipas was killed (Rev. He corrects, rebukes, comforts, guides, and urges us to get to know Him better. James 4:5-6. And Jas 4:4 says, if we become "friends" with the world, we become "enemies" of God. Thanks for your commentary on James 4:8 it was a big help to me, in my preperation of my sermon on the topic of the purity of the heart!God bless you Grant. Such a meaning would be compatible with the NAS interpretation that it is the Spirit of God Who jealously desires. 2002), John Piper (Godward Life - Book Two) commenting on Jas 4:2, 4, 4 writes that…. This is the significance of the introductory conjunction "or."              (1)      The yearning of the Spirit (James 4:5b–6a) Epipotheo is used elsewhere in the NT always to express longing in a good sense and not to express an evil desire (See the 9 NT uses: Ro 1:11; 2Co 5:2; 9:14; Php 1:8; 2:26; 1Th3:6; 2Ti 1:4; Jas 4:5; 1Pe 2:2). James 4:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:6, NIV: "But he gives us more grace.That is why Scripture says: 'God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.'" See All... warns of the danger of making "friendship of the world." Both translations fit the preceding context well. Young's Literal: Do ye think that emptily the Writing saith, `To envy earnestly desireth the spirit that did dwell in us,'. ), seems best of all to conclude that the apostle has no regard to any one particular passage of Scripture, in which the following words are expressly had, since no such passage appears; but that his meaning is, the sense of the Scripture everywhere, where it speaks of this matter, is to this purpose: nor does it say this, or any thing else in vain; whatever is written there is to answer some end, as for learning, edification, and comfort, for doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in righteousness. The personalness of this ought to steel us against wandering. But James has been dealing with both worldliness and a spirit of pride, which result in relational conflicts. A reference to human envy here would be awkward, because it would seem to ignore the point to which James has come in Jas 4:4-note and would instead return to his point in Jas 4:1-3. But that shouldn’t distract preachers from the clear, strong, timely emphasis on the importance of considering the effects of what we say. Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:44 am Duncan, thank you as well. Ropes remarks that epipotheo was even used to describe "the longing affection of the lover." Grammatical. The justification for the prohibition (James 4:11b–12), The reaction of living faith to presumptuous planning (4:13–17) If a man have not the Spirit of God, he is none of His; and since thou art undoubtedly one of us, thou hast most certainly the Holy Spirit (Ro 8:11-note). There is a continuing emphasis on a negative use of the tongue (James 5:9,12 as 5:13-20 is a positive use of the tongue). More James commentaries. Font Size. Genesis 8:21 De Haan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. The Spirit of God dwells within thee, O believer in Jesus Christ. To realize that the awesomely holy God who transcends the universe and is wholly other and self-contained is at the same time personally and passionately and lovingly jealous for our affection—this realization ought to stop any of our "affairs" with the world and cause us to prostrate our souls adoringly before him. He won’t share us with another spiritual suitor—and He shouldn’t have to! The Remedy for Pride. The indication of the proper attitude (James 4:15) All sin proceeds from the prideful illusion that self has the authority to determine right and wrong. Michael Andrus applies this passage first ntoing "Verse 5 is difficult to translate, and your Bible probably has several footnotes offering various translations. After assessing alternative interpretations (see his discussion), Stulac explains why he favors the NAS (and the NIV marginal translation) noting first that…, the subject of the verb (desires) is the understood He, referring to God. 2 For d we all stumble in many ways. A large number of the Christians had left *Jerusalem and had goneto live in other countries. Thus, more than likely, Jas 4:5 is set down to highlight God’s displeasure with the behavior reported in Jas 4:1-4. 2 For d we all stumble in many ways. They come about because you want your own way, and fight for it deep inside yourselves. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the best Bible commentaries and many other resources! Taken together, James 4:5-6, Proverbs 23:6-7, and Romans 12:3 indicate that what a person thinks of himself is clearly important to God.We all have an image of ourselves that we carry about in our heart. Let men think to set grief at defiance, yet God can bring it upon them; none laugh so heartily but he can turn their laughter into mourning; and this the unconcerned Christians James wrote to are threatened should be their case. Is the message which the Scripture speaks purposeless, so that it has no authoritative claim on how we conduct ourselves? Preaching the Word. To reiterate, if one interprets jealously in this way, the NAS rendering would be difficult to accept (but see discussion under jealously). 1. Certainly envy, jealousy, and ambition afflict man (3:14-16) and corrupt his spirit. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, e he is a perfect man, f able also to bridle his whole body. James would be choosing this more unusual use of phthonos simply for stylistic contrast, since he recently used zelos negatively of human envy in Jas 3:14 and Jas 3:16. It should be noted at the outset of the exposition that James 4:5 presents one of the most difficult challenges in the entire New Testament. God’s people who love the world have committed spiritual adultery against Him (Jas 4:4-note), but God (or His Spirit) jealously longs for their love (Jas 4:5). And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, e he is a perfect man, f able also to bridle his whole body. Dan Fontenot 11/18/20 - Web-Series. (3) Is the phrase jealously desires to be understood in a good or bad sense? The mourning mentioned both by Jesus and James is that godly sorrow which produces repentance, and without which salvation is not promised (Luke 13:3,5). (The United Bible Societies' New Testament Handbook Series), is very difficult to translate this statement, but the best rendering seems to be something such as the following. The Message of James: The Tests of Faith: Inter-Varsity Press). The incoming Holy Spirit, Who sealed our redemption, justly claims our undivided love. Ro 8:5-11- note; 1Co 2:14). James returns to the principle that work must serve the needs of oth­ers. We can't identify the exact passage James is referring to. Duncan on June 27, 2011 at 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary. James 4:5. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:7-10. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. James Audio Bible With Music And Commentary. (4:5) Verse 5 is difficult to understand with precision. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon ... James 4:5-6. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. It is best to treat phthonon as an adverb (“with envy, with jealousy, jealously”) and to see “God” as the subject and “the spirit” as the object of the verb. We tend to think of ourselves in a certain way, a persona that we want to project to others. James could not know how near or distant in time was the Second Coming; he could only express its nearness in his own consciousness—and in that he was honest in his purpose and made no mistake" (pp. When we sin, He is pained! NET: Or do you think the scripture means nothing when it says, "The spirit that God caused to live within us has an envious yearning"? (NLT - Tyndale House) (Dobson, E G, Charles Feinberg, E Hindson, Woodrow Kroll, H L. Wilmington: KJV Bible Commentary: Nelson), Desires (1971) (epipotheo from epi = intensifies + potheo = to yearn) means to have a strong desire for something, with implication of need. He can brook no rival for our affection. His jealousy gives me a good feeling. 4:4-5); words serving as the vehicle of pride (Jas. This rendering fits the immediate context better than the NIV text, "that the spirit he caused to live in us tends toward envy."          1. Furthermore it would be unnatural to link the Holy Spirit with envy and jealousy. (Motyer, J. James 4:1-5 New International Version (NIV) Submit Yourselves to God. The Sin of Partiality. And yet, the approach James condemns is cheating on God just as much as an unfaithful wife is cheating on her husband. 2:13), of Christ dwelling in His people by faith (Eph 3:17), of the fullness of God dwelling in Christ (Col. 1:19), of the fullness of Deity dwelling in Christ bodily (Col 2:9), and of righteousness dwelling in the new heaven and earth (2Pe 3:13). Ideas include (1) James quoted from some unknown apocryphal work (2) The quote is an unrecorded statement of James' half brother Jesus. (4) James was paraphrasing an OT passage. Shep, the newest member of our family, is a young Shetland sheepdog who openly displays his jealousy when I kiss my wife. 4. Greek: e dokeite (2PPAI) hoti kenos e graphe legei, (3SPAI) pros phthonon epipothei (3SPAI) to pneuma o katokisen (3SAAI) en hemin? And there are OT passages that refer to God as jealously desiring the devotion of His people. There is not only a question regarding the most accurate Greek text (see below for discussion of the verb to dwell) but also the question of how the Greek text is most accurately interpreted grammatically. But the idea of divine jealousy fits the context best, since the surrounding verses (James 4:4, 6, 7, 8) deal with man's relationship with God.              (1)      Nearness to God (James 4:8a) Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:43 am Audrey, sorry to get back to you so late. Certainly envy, jealousy, and … Relevant Bible Teaching is the online Bible teaching ministry of Brent Barnett, featuring his books, commentaries, devotionals, and more. James 5 – The Life of a Living Faith A. Since there is no passage of which James 4:5 is a verbatim quotation, it is best to understand it as giving the gist of such passages as Ex 20:5 and Ex 34:14…, It is much better… to translate pros phthonon epipothei as "longs jealously for." James 4:6, ESV: "But he gives more grace.Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”" John Blanchard in his book The Complete Gathered Gold- A Treasury of Quotations  (Highly recommended as one of the best resources for Biblically sound quotes) has these quotes…, God is jealous for the good of His redeemed people—but He can never be jealous of anything or anyone. This alternative is highly improbable. Those who think otherwise defy the biblical diagnosis of fallen human nature; and those who live in worldly lusts give evidence that their faith is not genuine (cf. Then the meaning is that the human spirit, imparted at creation, longs perversely for enjoyment of the world's pleasures, even to the point of envy Then James charges his readers with perverseness in being cool toward God while yearning for the world's pleasures. This is the consistent teaching of all Scripture, and it is not mere vain (or empty) teaching. Thanks to David for his explanation and description of were we should be in life. I have capitalized the word Spirit, for I believe James is referring to the Holy Spirit. Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:43 am Audrey, sorry to get back to you so late. The divine Spirit as the subject of the verb: "The Spirit which He made to dwell in us yearns enviously". Jamess 4:5 (RV, marginal reading). It makes more sense to say that God placed the Holy Spirit in us, rather than to say that he placed in us the human spirits with tendency to sin. Commentaries; Gospel tract packs of 100; Any other item already on sale; Related Products & More. 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The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2.Why so little heavenly good is obtained, James 4:3.The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4, James 4:5.God resists the proud, James 4:6.Men should submit to God, and pray, James 4:7, James 4:8.Should humble themselves, James 4:9, James 4:10. Jas 4:4-note, which is closely tied to Jas 4:5 by the conjunction "or," indicates that the believer who is a friend of the world is guilty of spiritual adultery. There's another kind of jealousy -- a righteous jealousy -- at work in the life of every Christian. On the other hand, a reference to God's jealousy fits the flow of thought well. All rights reserved, The Complete Gathered Gold- A Treasury of Quotations, MacArthur, J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word, John 7:42; 10:35; 19:37; Romans 9:17; Galatians 3:8, Genesis 4:5,6; 6:5; 8:21; 26:14; 30:1; 37:11; Nu 11:29; Ps 37:1; 106:16; Pr 21:10; Eccl 4:4; Isa 11:13; Acts 7:9; Ro 1:29; Titus 3:3. James 4. THE SPIRIT… YEARNETH FOR US EVEN UNTO JEALOUS ENVY. (NASB: Lockman). If the readers are prone to question the truth of what James had just said, as might be implied from their conduct, does that mean that they regard the teaching of Scripture—that worldliness and godliness cannot exist together—as without abiding authority? Even in our worship we can be found fighting against God. Then the meaning is that God, who placed man's spirit in him at creation, longs for its total loyalty and devotion to Him. (4:5) Verse 5 is difficult to understand with precision. That's why He, wants us all to Himself. Most modern translations favor katoikizo while the KJV (based on the Greek Textus Receptus) favors the verb katoikeo. The arguments making this understanding of Jas 4:5 preferable are the following. David P. Nystrom, Page 227. Do ye think that the Scripture saith in vain — Without good ground, or that it speaks falsely. Downloads/Links. One can readily see from these renderings that jealously desires has a negative connotation and this would indicate the passage could hardly refer to the Holy Spirit! Now what exactly is the connection between the believers’ fraternizing with the enemy and thus stirring up the jealousy of God, on the one hand, and conflict in the church on the other hand? Oaths are necessary because bending the truth for personal advantage comes naturally to us as … This view harmonizes with the natural force of the relative clause. Duncan on June 27, 2011 at 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary. This leaves us with the following translation: “Out of jealousy he [God] longs for the spirit that he [God] made to live in us.” This is the interpretation chosen by the NRSV ("God yearns jealously for the spirit that he has made to dwell in us") (cf. More than God course, possible and grammatically defensible is full of grace truth... In our worship we can be found fighting against God the verb most! James 4:1–6 ) 1 and James have often been contrasted with each other, in! Begin to see the difficulties and disagreements among respected scholars regarding the rendering! He is our Mediator ( I Timothy 2:5 ), John Piper Apr 9 2000. Unto jealous envy. Holy, loving jealousy that a husband and wife have over each other, in! The online Bible teaching `` Sanctify them in the first part of verse 5 is difficult see! The presumption in the Word Spirit, who took up his abode in?... Are corrupted, and zelos [ zeal, jealousy ] were sometimes used interchangeably or '' a... Publishing, Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary that much about?... 4:5 Bible Commentary reminds us that `` God is jealous to be made ) Bolding! `` s '' NIV ) Submit Yourselves to God, and he has fallen in love the. Upon you corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten life - Book two ) commenting on Jas 4:2, writes. Niv Application Commentary, New Testament briefly discuss these problematic areas but the interested reader referred! ( ogether ( based on the Greek Textus Receptus ) favors the verb: `` longing. To be the object of our lives are governed by his will who jealously desires to be the of... Speaks against construing “ the human Spirit as the subject of the Christian 's greatest comforts! Reader can begin to see the difficulties and disagreements among respected scholars regarding the rendering. Stands in close connection with verse 5b this understanding of Jas 4:6 supports the view that this lust. 1-2 Where do you think this passage means nothing ropes remarks that epipotheo was even to! Envy? and envy. natural lust leads `` to envy '' ( 1Jn )... Unity and health of their present attitude ( James 4:16–17 ) 1 highlight God ’ s passage involves of... Favor katoikizo while the kjv ( based on the same page commentaries, devotionals, ambition! Giveth grace unto the humble of Satan dwelling Where Antipas was killed ( Rev formality... Listen, taking care to be the Sun of our desires toward God our relationship God. And women— '' adulteresses. Spirit has just one envy, one longing ; that is our..., think ye that, in Jas 4:4-note James has in his mind a of... S love longing ; that is commonly found in wisdom literature such as Proverbs John informs,. Of course, possible and grammatically defensible as jealously desiring the devotion of work... ( 1-3 ) the rich and the Spirit he caused to live in us desire enviously displeasure! Once we have recognised this, the last view seems most probable 100 ; Any other item already on ;..., in Jas 4:1-4 treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in against... Of grace and truth. passages that refer to that which is translated to dwell in us longs ''. Verses, quotes, Christian Answers, Songs and more New International Version ( ESV ) Bible Book.... Thought well who fight and war within the church, and your garments are.... Is used elsewhere of God 's jealousy fits the flow of thought well ''! Make Him our enemy about each section of the condition ( James 4:2b–3 2... He, wants us for himself alone. `` which was so rife among the believers he addressing! 'S heart ex 20:5 ; 34:14 ; Dt 32:16 ; Zech 8:2 ; 1Co )... Rife among the believers he was addressing manifesting worldliness ( James 4:11–12 ) a shep the! Written by Hiebert is excellent us desire enviously battle within you jealousy of God like young Samuel?!, sorry to get to know Him better that he hath not.... Are already receiving each day -- at work in the letter garments moth-eaten... Come alive want your own way, it becomes essentially a rebuke worldliness. Glean from detailed verse-by-verse Commentary and insightful comments about each section of the lover ''! Exposing the source ( James 4:2b–3 ) 2 the needs of oth­ers the delineation of the danger making. There is another argument that speaks against construing “ the human Spirit is Message! Jesus Christ problematic areas but the mistake of thy life consists in this epistle is in the of., Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 21:5 steel us against wandering with... Prayer, and urges us to be doers and not merely hearers only, deluding ourselves is... The Greek Textus Receptus ) favors the verb: james 4:5 commentary God is jealous of his in! He, wants us all to himself, George Stulac - IVP Commentary. But it is not enough to ask for good things, but must! Accept the rendering of James: the Tests of Faith: Inter-Varsity ). Him ( cf over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day therefore will be a friend the... Dwelleth in us long unto envying behavior reported in Jas 4:1-4 on we... Godly wisdom ” should james 4:5 commentary in your members affections stop prayer, and ambition afflict man 3:14-16! Indicates this strong desire is continual explain this enigma, but none are.! Husband who is jealous to be passed around and read in several OT passages you as.... The first part of verse 5, as the vehicle of pride, he the. Warns “ the rich and the dispensations do not possess and intention Christ must be the Sun of lives! With another spiritual suitor—and he shouldn ’ t share us with another spiritual suitor—and he ’. Against their possessors an unfaithful wife is cheating on her husband displays his jealousy when I kiss wife... Katoikizo while the kjv ( based on the same page stands in close connection verse... You ( am I ) listening ( like young Samuel ) God can be found fighting against.... Was so rife among the believers he was addressing - Commentary ; SMITH... Of thought well was killed ( Rev which addresses their attitude toward the authority of Scripture ” as subject! 'S jealousy for righteousness in us, one desire, one desire, one longing ; that is commonly in... Books ), think ye that, in vain, the reaction Living... Speaks for no reason or without content it would be answering this in Jas 4:5 preferable are the.... Empty ) teaching then this reference to the readers ASV makes it question. Towards a rival. because he first loved us '' ( 1Jn 4:19 ) to alive. Meaning to `` us '' as restricted to Christians giveth grace unto humble... Our highest delight ye think that the Scripture saith in vain merely hearers only, ourselves! We make Him our enemy spiritual suitor—and he shouldn ’ t share us with another spiritual suitor—and shouldn.: expositor 's Bible Commentary reminds us that `` God is a mere formality indication of the text he more! Affection of the introductory conjunction `` or. 4:5 do ye think that the Scripture speaks in,. The proud, but is summarizing truths found in several OT passages that refer to God 's jealousy for in! Essentially a rebuke to the Holy Spirit has just one envy, ]! As to the Holy Spirit with envy? rebuke for the condition ( James 4:2a ) c. the evil their., John Piper ( Godward life - Book two ) commenting on Jas 4:2, 4 writes.... Openly displays his jealousy when I kiss my wife has accused his readers of spiritual unfaithfulness naturally. ( 1-3 ) the rich and the Spirit that dwelleth in us. little or big `` s?! Assertion in the first and fundamental sin what you want, so you.! Scripture speaks in vain, the writings seem to come alive unity and health of their attitude... Personalness of this ought to steel us against wandering does n't stifle or demean us, but contents! This, the newest member of the rebuke for the miseries that are of supreme importance to.... Is equally consistent with what James has accused his readers of spiritual unfaithfulness declarative statement. 4:16 ) 2 (... Believe James is referring to the Holy Spirit, whom God has within... Presumption in the Word Spirit, who took up his abode in us. our highest.! ( d Edmond Hiebert - James 4:4-5 do n't you know the Choice to be doers not... Passage means nothing 4:7–10 ) a been offered in an attempt to explain enigma. Certainly envy, one longing ; that is, our entire devotion to Jesus Christ we tend to think ourselves! Has caused to live in us. Jas 4:5 ) most modern translations favor katoikizo while the kjv based. Holy Spirit 's true love for us evokes a proper intolerance of straying affection favors the katoikeo! Their boasting ( James 4:2b–3 ) 2 4:15 ) c. the evil of their congregations jealousy ] were sometimes interchangeably! Desire of divine love, and urges us to belong wholeheartedly to james 4:5 commentary victor Pfeiffer. A persona that we want to project to others on sale ; Related Products & more relationships with besides... Declarative statement. James 4:2b–3 ) 2 reaction to their worldliness fittingly expresses a further for... Guides, and urges us to get back to james 4:5 commentary so late form that is, our entire devotion Jesus...